Interpreting Nonfiction and Informational Text.
LESSON 1: MAIN IDEAS AND DETAILS
- Main Idea: The most important point or the message of a passage. Sometimes stated, oftentimes to be figured out. It is the most important concept that the rest of the passage revolves around.
- Supporting Details: The writer uses this to point to or explain the main idea of the passage. They could be in the form of facts, examples, descriptions and specific information. These details help the reader to better understand and believe the central point of the passage.
PRACTICE 1: Read through the passage below to answer the questions that follow.
“In the heart of the Amazon rainforest, I found a sense of connection that had eluded me throughout my life. Surrounded by the lush greenery and the symphony of wildlife, I felt a profound stillness that had been absent in the urban chaos I had grown up in.
The rainforest was my sanctuary, a place where the rhythms of nature determined the pace of life. Unlike the concrete jungle of the city, here, everything was in harmony. The vibrant colors of the flora and the calls of the exotic birds were the only constant. It was in this wilderness that I discovered my true self.”
- How does the author describe their experience in the Amazon rainforest?
A. Overwhelmed by the chaos of the city
B. Disconnected from the natural world
C. Finding a sense of connection and stillness
D. Struggling to adapt to urban life
- What role does the Amazon rainforest play in the author’s life?
A. It represents a chaotic urban environment
B. It is a place of disconnection from nature
C. It is a sanctuary where the author finds harmony and stillness
D. It is a place where the author struggles to adapt to city life
- What is the main idea of the passage?
A. The author’s longing for urban chaos
B. The author’s disconnection from nature
C. The author’s sense of connection and tranquility in the Amazon rainforest
D. The author’s difficulty adapting to city life
- How do the vibrant colors of the flora and the calls of exotic birds support the main idea?
A. They highlight the author’s preference for the city.
B. They emphasize the author’s disconnect from nature.
C. They illustrate the beauty and serenity of the rainforest that the author found.
D. They showcase the challenges the author faced in the wilderness.
PRACTICE 2: Refer to the passage to answer question 1 through 5 that follows.
In the ancient library, I stumbled upon a dusty tome that seemed untouched by time. Its yellowed pages held the secrets of forgotten civilizations, written in languages few could decipher. As I traced my fingers over the faded text, I felt a profound sense of curiosity and wonder. The words within these pages connected me to the minds of people long gone, sparking a thirst for knowledge that could never be quenched.
I spent countless hours lost in the world of those ancient texts, deciphering scripts, and unraveling mysteries. As I delved deeper into the past, I couldn’t help but wonder about the people who had penned these words, their hopes, dreams, and fears. It was in that library that I found not just the knowledge of the past but the stories of humanity itself, a never-ending puzzle waiting to be solved.”
- What did the author find in the ancient library that sparked their curiosity?
A. A modern novel
B. A dusty tome holding secrets of forgotten civilizations
C. A collection of paintings
D. A treasure map
- How did the author feel as they traced their fingers over the faded text?
C. Curious and filled with wonder
- What effect did the ancient texts have on the author’s thirst for knowledge?
A. They quenched it completely
B. They had no effect
C. They made the author even more curious and thirsty for knowledge
D. They discouraged the author from seeking knowledge
- Why did the author spend countless hours in the library?
A. To socialize with other visitors
B. To escape from reality
C. To decipher scripts and unravel mysteries in the ancient texts
D. To complete their homework.
- What did the author find in the library apart from the knowledge of the past?
A. A collection of modern novels
B. The stories of humanity itself
C. A secret door
D. A map to hidden treasures
ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS- LESSON 1
|1||C – “Finding a sense of connection and stillness”||This indicates a positive and tranquil experience.|
|2||C- “It is a sanctuary where the author finds harmony and stillness”.||This suggests that the rainforest plays a calming and peaceful role in the author’s life.|
|3||C – “The author’s sense of connection and tranquility in the Amazon rainforest”.||This is evident throughout the passage, emphasizing the peaceful and harmonious experience in the rainforest.|
|4||C- “They illustrate the beauty and serenity of the rainforest that the author found”.||The passage mentions the “vibrant colors of the flora” and the “calls of exotic birds” in the context of the Amazon rainforest, highlighting its beauty and serenity.|
|1||B – “A dusty tome holding secrets of forgotten civilizations”.||The passage specifically mentions the dusty tome, and it was the content of this ancient book that sparked their curiosity.|
|2||C- “Curious and filled with wonder”.||The passage describes the author’s feeling as “curious and filled with wonder” when they traced their fingers over the faded text.|
|3||C- “They made the author even more curious and thirsty for knowledge”.||It implies that the texts increased the author’s desire for knowledge.|
|4||C – “To decipher scripts and unravel mysteries in the ancient texts”.||This indicates that their primary reason for being in the library was to study and understand the ancient texts.|
|5||B – “The stories of humanity itself”.||This indicates that they discovered more than just historical knowledge; they found stories that reflected human experiences and history.|