(GED Social Studies/U.S. History; lesson 3) – Industrialization, Immigration, And The Progressive Era

Please Share


In the mid-1800s, American underwent rapid industrialization. This rapid industrialization occurred for several interconnected reasons, and with the addition of the western territories the United States experience gained in large amount. Another reason for their rapid industrialization was their increasing population, invention of new machines and industrial processes. New factories were also created.

Immigrants came from different part of the world to work in US. This was a boost for the Americans in terms of expanding through industrialization. The workers both foreign and international worked very hard at grueling, dangerous work. Most of them received low pay for very long day at work. As a result of that the worker joined a union to curb the long hours with low pay, but their employers cut their pay or refuse to grant them higher pay. This lead to strikes that later gave way to the eight hour workday and the five day work week. All this happen in the late 1800s and early 1900s.

Note that the unions weren’t the only groups working to solve the problems that lead to industrialization. There are others who worked to solve the issue of child labor, improve health care, and so on. That era was known as progressive era.     


  1. Which of the following is likely to happen to a nation experiencing rapid industrialization?

A. Increase in immigration

B. Increase in manufacturing

C. Advancement in technology

D. Increase in population

Ans= B

2. According to the passage, America experience rapid industrialization, this industrialization occurs for how many in interconnected seasons?

A. Few

B. Some

C. Several

D. None

Ans= C

3. According to the passage, US factory jobs drew many?

A. Workers

B. Immigrant

C. Entertainers

D. Buyers

Ans= B

4. What was the exact purpose that brought about the progressive era?

A. growth

B. wealth

C. fairness

D. creativity

Ans= C